Antifungal properties of poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate] (PDMAEMA) and quaternized derivatives

Jesús-Téllez, Marco A. De; la Rosa-García, SusanaDe; Medrano-Galindo, Itzel; Rosales-Peñafiel, Ingrid; Gómez-Cornelio, Sergio; Guerrero-Sanchez, Carlos; Schubert, Ulrich S.; Quintana-Owen, Patricia
A series of poly[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate]s (PDMAEMAs) of different molar mass were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer (RAFT) polymerization. The polymers were subsequently treated with two different alkyl halides (1-iodobutane (BuI) and iodomethane (MeI)) to obtain a library of 21 PDMAEMAs with different degree of quaternization (DQ). This is the first report where the antifungal activity of these polymers is assessed for different fungi relevant in biomineralization and aesthetic biodeterioration of stone surfaces. The antifungal activity was assessed with the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC), the minimum fungicidal concentration (MFC) and the mycelia growth inhibition in plate for the most promising materials. The obtained results demonstrated that all evaluated polymers possess certain level of antifungal activity against the evaluated fungi (even unquaternized PDMAEMAs). However, polymers of low molar mass (series III) revealed predominantly fungicidal activity at low values of MFC (from 2500 to 9.7 μg mL−1). Unexpectedly, the performed mycelia growth inhibition tests showed that the DQ has a less significant effect on the antifungal properties of the polymers than the polymer molar mass. Hence, the antifungal activity of these polymers may depend to a great extent on the physiological and morphological characteristics of the fungi, wherein the best antifungal activity was observed in III-M2, III-B1 and III-B2. It is worth mentioning that this detailed screening contributes to a better understanding of PDMAEMA-based composites that can be utilized in the development and optimization of low-cost and accessible antimicrobial protective coatings for petrous surfaces in cultural heritage monuments or modern buildings.
Type of Publication:
Reactive and Functional Polymers